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Country of Habitual Residence: The Hague Convention on International Child Abduction.

When a court in California makes an order regarding child custody and visitation, one of the first statements on the order will always be a finding that the country of habitual residence is the United States. This finding is required by the implementation of an international treaty formally known as the Hague Convention on the… Read More

Personal Jurisdiction: The Court’s Power Over the Defendant

A court must have both personal jurisdiction and subject matter jurisdiction over a case.  Subject matter jurisdiction is the court’s power to hear the subject matter of the case involved in the lawsuit.  On the other hand, personal jurisdiction is the court’s power over the person or business being sued.  A state court must have… Read More